Millions of people across the world suffer from various kidney diseases and organ failure at a later stage of the sickness. When kidney functions are completely lost, it is known as ESRD (End Stage Renal Disease) or renal failure. Kidney disease can never be reversed. Its progression can only be slowed down. In addition to primary kidney ailment; a person will require medical treatment if his/her kidney has stopped working due to an injury, severe burns or biological defects. There are very few options to treat issues related to kidney based on the root cause of the disease and also overall working condition of kidney at the time of starting the treatment. People suffering with ESRD can live longer with the help of dialysis or kidney transplant.