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Know More about Words Used in Cancer Treatment

Lymphoma is a Cancer of lymphatic System

Common understanding of cancer-related words allows people to communicate about a particular condition easily without extensive clarification. Hence there is a need to know about these frequently used words.

…continued from the previous post (70 to 93 words)

70. Laboratory test: This is a process of examining a sample of blood, urine and other substance from the body to diagnosis the disease or observes the condition/stage of the disease for follow up treatment.

71. Laparoscopy: A surgical procedure in which a tiny scope is inserted into the abdomen through a small incision. It is used for a variety of procedures, and often to diagnose disease of the fallopian tubes and pelvic cavity.

72. Laser-Therapy: Treatment using a powerful, focused beam of light that produces intense heat used to burn away cancerous or damaged tissue.

73. Leukaemia: Commonly known as blood cancer, it is a progressive blood disorder in which leukocytes (a type of white blood cell) present in the bone marrow grow and multiply in large number of abnormal blood cells uncontrollably and crowd out healthy cells.

74. Localized Cancer: It is a type of cancer that is limited to the area where it originated and has not spread to other parts of the body.

75. Lumpectomy: Name of a surgery in which only the lump and surrounding tissues are removed. This is a less aggressive form of surgery in comparison with mastectomy for breast cancer - where the whole breast is taken off.

76. Lymph-Nodes: Another name for lymph node is lymph gland and these nodes are located throughout the body. It is an organ that resemble like bean (shape) and supply lymphoctyes (a type of white blood cell) to the bloodstream. One of the main functions of these nodes is to filter out bacteria and other foreign substances from the lymph fluid that contains white blood cells. Hence they help to fight infection.

77. Lymphatic-System: The bone marrow, spleen, thymus, and lymph nodes together make a network that circulates fluid in the bloodstream and body tissues. Through the lymphatic system, cancer can spread to other parts of the body lymphatic system that produce and store the white blood cells. Since these white cells fight infection, normal functioning of this system is essential.

78. Lymphedema: When body’s lymphatic system does not function properly, lymph nodes start accumulating in the interstitial spaces, mainly in the subcutaneous fat, this condition is called lymphedema.

79. Lymphoma: This is a general term used for cancer of lymphatic system. Lymphoma develops when cells in the lymph system change and grow rapidly.

80. Macrophage: It is a type of white blood cell that plays an important role to fight against bacteria and infection by killing cancerous organisms.

81. Magnetic-Resonance-Imaging (MRI): A technique used to image internal structures of the body, particularly the soft tissues (muscles, organs, tendons, etc.).

82. Malignant: The word malignant means cancerous. Tumours which are malignant invade nearby healthy tissue and spread to other parts of the body.

83. Mammogram: A screening and diagnostic technique that uses low-dose x-rays to find tumours in the breast.

84. Mastectomy: surgical removal of the whole breast, in radical mastectomy the chest muscles and under-arm lymph nodes are also removed.

85. Medulloblastoma: It is a tumour beginning in a part of the brain stem called the medulla mostly found in children or young adults around the age of 15. It can spread from the medulla to the spine or to other parts of the body.

86. Metastasis: Cancer cell can split from the primary tumour where it originated and travel through the blood or the lymphatic system to the lymph nodes, brain, lungs, bones, liver or other organs. This condition of cancerous cells spreading to other parts of the body and affecting them is called metastasis.

87. Melanocytes: Special cells in the skin and the eye that produce melanin or pigment. Clusters of melanocytes often appear on the skin as moles.

88. Melanin: The pigment produced by the body that gives skin and irises (the colored portion of the eye) their colour. Melanin also helps protect the skin from the sun's damaging rays.

89. Melanoma: Cancer that begins in the melanocytes and spreads to other skin cells. Melanoma appears on the skin and looks like a new or changing mole.

90. Merkel Cell Cancer: Also known as trabecular or neuroendocrine cancer of the skin. It is a rare type of malignancy occurs just beneath the skin.

91. Monoclonal-Antibody: An antibody produced in the laboratory that can target specific antigens (substances that provoke an immune response) to use in cancer diagnosis and treatment.

92. Multiple-Myeloma: A cancer of the white blood cells found in the bone marrow.

93. Myelodysplasia: This term refers to an unusual generation and increase of blood cells; often resulting to deficiency of red cells, white cells and platelets; sometimes leading to bone marrow failure or leukaemia.

“No matter what kind of challenges or difficulties or painful situations you go through in your life, we all have something deep within us that we can reach down and find the inner strength to get through them.” Alana Stewart.

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