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Which are the words that describe cancer?

Neuroblastoma, a type of cancer found in young children

Following are some of the words or ‘terms’ related to cancer. These words are commonly used in medical language to understand and refer cancer disease and its treatment.

…continued from the previous post (94 to 123 words)

94. Neoplasm – A new growth of tissue serving no physiological function this is the medical term for cancer and is synonymous with it.

95. Neuroblastoma: Mostly found in young children, the cancer cells begins in the adrenal medulla or other sites of sympathetic nervous system tissue in the body.

96. Neo-Adjuvant Therapy – This is similar to adjuvant therapy used before surgery to reduce the burden of cancer cells.

97. Non-Hodgkin's-Lymphoma: This refers to a type of cancer of the lymph tissues other than Hodgkin's disease.

98. Oncology: This is a study which involves physical, chemical, and biologic properties of cancer cells. This helps to understand causes and other factors of cancer and its possible treatments.

99. Oncologist: A physician who specializes in cancer treatment after relative studies and extensive training. The five main types of oncologists are medical, surgical, radiation, gynaecologic, and paediatric oncologists.

100. Osteosarcoma: A cancer located in the metaphysis (the growing ends of the bone) and mainly affects adolescents and young adults.

101. Overall Survival – It is a term used in statics that indicates maximum survival rate of patients suffering from cancer disease.

102. Precancerous: It is also called pre-malignant. This refers to cells that have the potential to become cancerous.

103. Primary Cancer: This describes the original cancer, the location where it starts.

104. Palliative Therapy – This refers to special care and treatment that provides the patient relief from pain and side-effects of advanced cancers.

105. Pancytopenia: This term means deficiency of all types of blood cells.

106. Pap-Test: This is a simple microscopic test of cells conducted to identify cancer of the cervix at an early stage.

107. Cell Eating: Certain white blood cells such as neutrophils destroy harmful microorganisms/cells; this process is called cell eating.

108. Photocoagulation: A cancer treatment in which a laser is used to destroy blood vessels entering a tumour so that the tumour will be starved of oxygen and nutrients.

109. Plasma: A colourless fluid which contains water and other components in which red cells, white cells, and platelets are suspended.

110. Platelets: A kind of blood cell which has a substance to stop bleeding and helps to make blood clot formation to prevent haemorrhage

111. Prognosis: It is a kind of prediction for probable result of cancer disease which is based on many factors such as type of cancer, site of tumour, stage, age and overall health of the patient. A graphical analysis by the Kaplan-Meier curve is used to determine the prognosis which aims to know the survival chances and time factor.

112. Prostate-Specific-Antigen (PSA) Test: A simple blood test used to detect prostate cancer in men specially when prostates are enlarged. The test measures and confirms any abnormality in antigen secretion by prostates which is mainly due to cancer

113. Prosthesis: This is an artificial replacement for an amputated limb.

114. Protocol – This refers to the specific chemotherapy plan that is used to treat the patient as per the individual case study.

115. Radiation Therapy: It is a therapy where high-energy rays (x-rays) or particles of radiation are used to damage malignant cells as a treatment option for cancer.

116. Remission: It is a state after cancer treatment when signs/symptoms of cancer are all or partly gone and there is no proof found in the tests.

117. Recurrence: The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.

118. Relapse: This is when the disease reoccurs after a period in remission.

119. Retinoblastoma: A malignant eye tumour usually seen in children.

120. Refractory: This phrase is used when the cancer is resistant to treatment.

121. Regional: Malignant tumour extended further than the layer of the organ where it originated and growing directly into surrounding organs or tissues, but has not spread to distant parts of the body.

122. Resection: It is a process of surgical removal of an area of tissue or of an entire organ.

123. Risk Factors: Anything that has been identified as increasing an individual's chance of getting a disease.

“Choosing to be positive and having a grateful attitude is going to determine how you're going to live your life.” Joel Osteen.

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