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Cancer Terminology

Biopsy is done for diagnosing malignant tumour

Not everyone is familiar with the words or terms used in the healthcare industry. Each professional sector has its own specific terminology which is commonly used by the people qualified in that particular subject. The terminology of a subject is the set of special words and expressions used in connection with it. We have mentioned a few words (1-140) in parts.

(1 to 26 words)

  1. Acute: The word acute means severe. It refers to cancer symptom that begins and deteriorates quickly but does not last over a long time.

  2. Abnormal: Something unusual or not normal. With reference to cancer, any medical condition in which body stem cell behaves different than its original characteristics.

  3. Ablative Iodine: It is a treatment where doses of radioactive iodine are used to destroy remaining thyroid tissues.

  4. Adjuvant-Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy given as ‘add-on’ to primary cancer treatment such as surgery or radiotherapy to kill the remaining cancer cells.

  5. Age-Adjusted-Mortality-Rate: Age also plays vital role in confirming the type of cancer and confirming prognosis. To compare the mortality rates of two or more populations, differences in the  age distributions of the population are removed by using an age-adjusted rate.

  6. Aggressive Tumor : It is a type of tumour which spreads aggressively (faster) and does maximum damage.

  7. Allogeneic-Bone-Marrow-Transplant: A transplant method where healthy blood stem cells are taken from another person (donor) usually family member to replace cancerous cells in the patient’s body.

  8. Amputation: Removal of a body part through surgery that is enclosed by skin.

  9. Anemia: The condition of having a lower-than-normal number of red blood cells causing a decrease in the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood.

  10. Aplastic-Anemia: It is a kind of anemia that is resistant to treatment; often accompanied by deficiencies of other blood cells.

  11. Antigens: Antigens are proteins that are present on the surface of all cells, bacteria and viruses. If foreign antigens (such as bacteria, viruses, or grains of pollen) are detected then the body's immune system attack them.

  12. Antibodies: A molecule produced by lymphocytes in response to stimulation by an antigen. Antibodies bind to antigens, causing the cells bearing the antigens to clump together. These clumps are then destroyed by other blood cells.

  13. Aspiration: It is a process to suck fluids out of a cavity such as bone marrow aspiration.

  14. Autologous-Bone-Marrow-Transplant: A process in which a patient's healthy bone marrow is withdrawn and preserved. It is later injected back into the patient to replace bone marrow damaged by high doses of radiation therapy.

  15. An Oncopatholgist – a pathologist who helps in diagnosis and detection of cancers.

  16. Benign Tumour: It is a tumor that is not cancerous. Benign tumor does not usually invade nearby tissue or spread to other parts of the body.

  17. Biopsy: This is a laboratory test that involves removal of sample tissues from a cancerous tumor to check the cells under the microscope for abnormality.

  18. Bone Marrow: The soft, spongy tissue found in the center of large bones where blood cells are formed.

  19. Bone Cancer: Cancer that begins in the bone primarily.

  20. Bone Scan: A nuclear medicine technique for creating images of bones on a computer screen ...

  21. B-Cells : Lymphocytes responsible for humoral (fluid based) immunity and antibody production.

  22. Basal-Cell-Carcinoma: This is where the basal cells become cancerous; basal cells are found in the epidermis (the outermost layer of skin).

  23. Biological-Therapy : Biological therapy also known as immunotherapy. A type of treatment that uses natural substances or substances made in a laboratory to stimulate or restore the ability of the body's immune system to fight disease.

  24. Blastoma: A blastoma is a type of cancer, more common in children, that is caused by malignancies in precursor cells, often called blasts.

  25. Brachytherapy : A type of radiation therapy is which radioactive materials are placed in direct contact with the tissue being treated.

  26. Burkitt's lymphoma: A type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that most often occurs in young people between the ages of 12 and 30. The disease usually causes a rapidly growing tumor in the abdomen.

“You never know how strong you are until being strong is the only choice you have.” Bob Marley

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  Comments

PMT (20-10-2017)
Hello Prem, Please note, PMT does not take any payment. We help international patient to reach out to the best hospital / best doctor in India for his/her medical treatment. Tentative costing is provided by us only after receiving patient’s complete personal and health details. We then, refer the case to the relevant expert doctor and hospital. Though actual bill may differ but approximate treatment charges given by the hospital are conveyed to the patient on request. You are requested to send patient’s complete details by filling up our contact form for further process. regards PMT Team
Prem Gurung (30-11--0001)
Hello What is the approximate hospital charges for the bone marrow transplant?

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