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Bone Cancer General FAQs

Bone tumour

Q. How are bone cyst treated?

Ans. Bone cysts are usually treated with surgery. Small cysts that don’t cause symptoms and have a low risk of causing a fracture may be treated with observation. Some cysts go away without treatment (spontaneously).

Q. What is the method to decide if any cyst / tumour is cancerous?

Ans. The best test to find out whether a cyst or tumour is benign or malignant is to take a sample of the affected tissue (or in some cases, the complete suspicious area) by removing it and studying it under a microscope. This test is known as a biopsy.

Q. What are the main types of bone cyst?

Ans. Given below are the main types of a bone cyst:

  1. Unicameral Bone Cyst is the most common type of bone cyst. It is found mostly between the age group of 5 to 15 years which will usually disappear around the time they finish growing. It affects males twice as often as females.
     
  2. Aneurysmal Bone Cyst (ABC) is an osteolytic bone neoplasm categorized by several sponge-like blood or serum filled, generally non-endothelialized spaces of various diameters. This type of cyst is considered to be a rare condition, which occurs slightly more often in females that can be locally aggressive, weakening the bones and invading the surrounding tissues. They can develop anywhere in the body but most often affect the legs, upper arms, pelvis or spine.
Q. How do cancers cells spread around in the body?

Ans. Cancer cells often split away from the original (primary) tumour and travel either through the bloodstream or lymph system which can carry them to another part of the body.

Q. Why does cancer originated in one place starts developing in other parts of the body as well?

Ans. Once Cancer cells breaks down as multiple cancer cells and travel through bloodstream and lymph system, they need to attach to the wall of a new organ to be able to grow and thrive in their new location and form new tumours.

Q What is Fibrous dysplasia?

Ans. Fibrous dysplasia also called Lichtenstein-Jaffe disease is an abnormal development of bone. It is slow growing, usually appears in the young growing age which can be in single or many bones.

Fibrous dysplasia can cause bone deformities. This accounts for approximately 5% of all benign bone conditions. Males and females are equally affected by fibrous dysplasia. Pregnancy can cause existing fibrous dysplasia to grow or change into an aneurysmal bone cyst.

Q. What is the treatment of fibrous dysplasia?

Ans. When fibrous dysplasia is diagnosed after it shows up in an x-ray but is in harmless condition, a regular check on it by the doctor is vital to ensure if it is growing and causing any problem.

However medicines can be prescribed by the doctor to help relieve pain. If there is need, surgery may be done to correct deformities or fractures that do not heal with immobilization using a splint, cast or brace.

Q. What is bone graft?

Ans. Bone may be taken from another part of the person’s own body (an autograft) or from a donor (an allograft), depending on the amount of bone needed.

There is a better chance of the bone healing and less chance for infection with an autograft. Metal screws or plates may be used to secure the bone graft to the remaining bone at the surgery site.

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