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Basic Terms to Understand Bone Cancer

Cancer can affect anyone, at any age with different socio-economic background. It can start anywhere in the body. This happens when body cells (basic unit of the body) grow out of control and multiply abnormally. Due to this procedure, these abnormal cells damage normal cells which make it difficult for the body to work in the natural manner. Cancer can be classified into two broad types: haematological (malignancies of the blood / bone marrow) or solid tumours.

Cancer

The word ‘cancer’ is commonly referred to a serious life threatening disease but actually it is not just one disease, there are many types of cancers. Cancers are similar in some ways, but they are diverse in the ways they grow and spread.

Depending upon the type of cancer, abnormal (cancerous) cells behave differently hence the disease can begin and spread suddenly or slowly. Similarly they also respond to the treatment in different ways. Some types of cancer are best treated with surgery; others respond better to drugs called chemotherapy. Often 2 or more treatments are used to get the best results.

Bone

Bone consists of mainly collagen (a protein) and minerals (calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate). While collagen provides flexibility to the bone structure, calcium phosphate and calcium carbonate adds strength and hardens the body framework. Bone is living, growing tissue. Bones protect organs inside the body and give the body structure and support.

Cartilage 

Cartilage covers the ends of bones. It stops bones from rubbing together and acts like a cushion. Together, groups of bones and cartilages form the skeleton.

Cells

The cell is the constructional as well as useful component of all living organisms. In simple words we can refer body cells as building blocks of life. There are certain organisms for example bacteria that are unicellular made of a single cell. While other organisms such as humans are multicellular, which have approximately over 100 trillion cells.

To some extent, these cells are independent and self-sustaining. Cells also contain the body’s genetic substance and can make copies of themselves. Cells have numerous divisions and each piece has a different role. Some of these parts called organelles, are specialized structures that perform certain tasks within the cell.

There are two types of cells, eukaryotic and prokaryotic. Prokaryotic cells are usually singletons, while eukaryotic cells are usually found in multi-cellular organisms.

These cells acquire nutrients from food, convert those nutrients into energy and perform dedicated functions. Each cell accumulates set of specific function orders to execute each of these activities.

Cancer

The word ‘cancer’ is commonly referred to a serious life threatening disease but actually it is not just one disease, there are many types of cancers. Cancers are similar in some ways, but they are diverse in the ways they grow and spread.

Cancer can affect anyone, at any age with different socio-economic background. It can start anywhere in the body. This happens when body cells (basic unit of the body) grow out of control and multiply abnormally. Due to this procedure, these abnormal cells damage normal cells which make it difficult for the body to work in the natural manner.

Depending upon the type of cancer, abnormal (cancerous) cells behave differently hence the disease can begin and spread suddenly or slowly. Similarly they also respond to the cancer treatment in different ways. Some types of cancer are best treated with surgery; others respond better to drugs called chemotherapy. Often 2 or more treatments are used to get the best results.

Benign Conditions of the Bone

Benign disease exactly means “a disease which is not harmful in effect”. Benign conditions of the bone are non-cancerous diseases or abnormalities that do not spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body and are not usually life-threatening. Signs and symptoms of a benign bone condition are similar to those for a malignant bone tumour and may include change in mobility, pain and fracture.

Bone Cysts

A cyst is an abnormal growth filled with air, fluid or other material. A cyst can form in any part of the body, including bones, organs and soft tissues. But they most often occur in the long bones of the arms and legs. The next most common places they occur are the flat bones of the spine and pelvis. Most cysts are noncancerous (benign). However cancers can form cysts. The exact cause of bone cysts is unknown.

Bone Tumour

A tumour is any abnormal mass of tissue or swelling. Like a cyst, a tumour can form in any part of the body. A tumour can be benign or cancerous (malignant).

Bone Cancer

Bone cancer is a rare disease in which cancer cells grow in the bone or spread to the bone from another location in the body. When cancer starts in bone tissue, it is called primary bone cancer. When cancer cells travel to the bone from another part in the body, it is called secondary or metastatic bone cancer.

If my leg falls off, I'll get a prosthetic. There'd be no deep sadness about. I'd just get on with it! It's called life, and I love life. You have to be positive, and you have to crack on no matter what. John Lydon

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